Left: Hon. Leni Robredo, Vice President, Philippines by UN Women Asia & the Pacific on Flickr; right: Ferdinand Bongbong Marcos by Bongbong Marcos on Flickr. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Marcos or Robredo? Assessing the dynamics of the May 2022 Philippine presidential elections

This forum examines the dynamics of the upcoming national election in the Philippines. Will Leni Robredo be able to overcome Bongbong Marcos’s decisive lead in the surveys? What are the interests of external actors in the election? How well prepared is the Commission on Elections to oversee the polls?


Paul D. Hutchcroft is Professor of Political and Social Change in The Australian National University’s Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs (of which he was founding director, 2009-2013). While on secondment from ANU, between 2013 and 2017, Hutchcroft served as Lead Governance Specialist with the Australian Embassy in Manila. From 2018 to 2021, he was the overall chief investigator of a $2.1 million Australian government grant to ANU to support a range of research and advocacy projects on democracy, human rights, and the rule of law in Southeast Asia.

Marites Dañguilan Vitug is one of the Philippines’ most accomplished journalists and authors. For close to a decade, Vitug – a Nieman fellow – edited Newsbreak magazine, a trailblazer in Philippine investigative journalism. Her recent book, Rock Solid: How the Philippines Won Its Maritime Case Against China, has become a bestseller. She is among the authors who contributed to a 2021 book, Maritime Issues and Regional Order in the Indo-Pacific, published by Palgrave/Macmillan.

Ronald ‘Ronnie’ Holmes is Professor of Political Science and Development Studies and Fellow of the Southeast Asia Research Center at De La Salle University. Since 2008, Ronnie has also been president of Pulse Asia Research Inc. In addition to three terms as president of the Philippine Political Science Association, Ronnie has chaired the board of the Philippine Social Science Council. His affiliation with DLSU stretches back to 1985, through which time he has served as Chair of the Department and Associate Dean of the College of Liberal Arts. At other junctures, Ronnie was assigned to run De La Salle College of Saint Benilde and De La Salle Zobel. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in History-Political Science from De La Salle University-Manila, his Master of Arts in Political Science from the University of the Philippines-Diliman, and his Ph.D. from the Department of Political and Social Change at ANU.

Attorney Ona Caritos is Executive Director of the Legal Network for Truthful Elections (LENTE). She received her B.A. in Political Science and Government from the Ateneo de Manila University in 2004, and a Doctor of Law (J.D.) from the Ateneo in 2008. LENTE is a nationwide, non-partisan network of lawyers, law students, paralegals, and trained volunteers engaged in vote monitoring and legal work for honest elections in the Philippines. It works closely with various civil society organisations to promote human rights and a rights-based approach to elections and governance.

All opinions expressed are the panellists’ own and do not represent those of The Australian National University or the Australian Government.

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